Qore Programming Language  0.9.15
Developing Qore Modules

Qore Module development

Module Header Info

To develop a Qore module, several functions and several global variables must be declared in the module with public visibility so the module can be initialized and used by the Qore library.

The global variables are as follows:

  • char qore_module_name[] - must give the name of the feature provided by the module.
  • char qore_module_version[] - must give the version of the module
  • char qore_module_description[] - a description of the module
  • char qore_module_author[] - the author of the module
  • char qore_module_url[] - a URL for the module
  • int qore_module_api_major - must be assigned to QORE_MODULE_API_MAJOR
  • int qore_module_api_minor - must be assigned to QORE_MODULE_API_MINOR
  • qore_license_t qore_module_license - must be assigned to either QL_GPL or QL_LGPL according to the license the module requires; if the module links with GPL code, then QL_GPL must be used; otherwise if it is compatible with the LGPL then QL_LGPL must be used

The functions are as follows:

All variables and all functions are required, even if the functions are empty.

Here is an example:

DLLEXPORT char qore_module_name[] = "ncurses";
DLLEXPORT char qore_module_version[] = "0.1";
DLLEXPORT char qore_module_description[] = "ncurses class module";
DLLEXPORT char qore_module_author[] = "David Nichols";
DLLEXPORT char qore_module_url[] = "http://qore.sourceforge.net";
DLLEXPORT int qore_module_api_major = QORE_MODULE_API_MAJOR;
DLLEXPORT int qore_module_api_minor = QORE_MODULE_API_MINOR;
DLLEXPORT qore_license_t qore_module_license = QL_LGPL;
DLLEXPORT qore_module_init_t qore_module_init = ncurses_module_init;
DLLEXPORT qore_module_ns_init_t qore_module_ns_init = ncurses_module_ns_init;
DLLEXPORT qore_module_delete_t qore_module_delete = ncurses_module_delete;

Note that the module name (or the module's feature name) as given by qore_module_name is used to uniquely identify the feature provided by the module. Therefore if a module is loaded that provides feature "widget" and another module also claims to provided feature "widget", the second module cannot be loaded in the Qore library after the first has been loaded due to the duplicate feature name.

The qore_module_api_major and qore_module_api_minor variables are used to determine if the module corresponds to the API (and ABI) of the Qore library trying to load it.

Module Functions

The module initialization function qore_module_init() will be run when the module is loaded by the Qore library. If any errors occur when initializing the module, a description should be returned as a QoreString pointer (the library will own the pointer and delete it later). If a non-zero pointer is returned by the qore_module_init() function, the feature will not be added to the Qore library and the module load will fail.

If the module provides any namespaces, classes or constants, they will be added on demand to QoreProgram objects by calling the module's qore_module_ns_init() function. In this case, the namespace additions should be initialized in the qore_module_init() function and copies should be provisioned in the qore_module_ns_init() function. In particular classes must not be created more than once, because a Qore class gets a unique ID assigned when it is created, and this ID must be unique in the entire Qore library.

Here are example functions from the ncurses module:

// this is the reference namespace for the ncurses module
static QoreNamespace NCNS("NCurses");
// this function is called when the module is loaded
QoreStringNode *ncurses_module_init()
// the NCurses reference namespace is set up here
init_constants(&NCNS); // here constants are added to the NCurses namespace
builtinFunctions.add("initscr", f_initscr, QDOM_TERMINAL_IO);
builtinFunctions.add("printw", f_printw, QDOM_TERMINAL_IO);
builtinFunctions.add("refresh", f_refresh, QDOM_TERMINAL_IO);
//... more builtin functions are added
return 0;
// this function is called when the Qore library needs to provision the NCurses namespace
// to a new QoreProgram object (or to a QoreProgram object that existed before the module
// was loaded by another QoreProgram object and then later requests the feature "ncurses")
void ncurses_module_ns_init(QoreNamespace *rns, QoreNamespace *qns)
// add the NCurses namespace as a subnamespace to the Qore namespace
// this function is called when the module is deleted (when the qore library is closed)
// it should free all resources allocated in the module's initilization function
void ncurses_module_delete()
// calls endwin() if necessary
the major number of the Qore module API implemented
Definition: ModuleManager.h:45
void(* qore_module_ns_init_t)(QoreNamespace *root_ns, QoreNamespace *qore_ns)
signature of the module namespace change/delta function
Definition: ModuleManager.h:72
provides terminal I/O functionality
Definition: Restrictions.h:165
contains constants, classes, and subnamespaces in QoreProgram objects
Definition: QoreNamespace.h:65
the minor number of the Qore module API implemented
Definition: ModuleManager.h:46
qore library and module license type identifiers
Definition: common.h:85
code to be used under the LGPL license
Definition: common.h:87
void(* qore_module_delete_t)()
signature of the module destructor function
Definition: ModuleManager.h:75
DLLEXPORT void addInitialNamespace(QoreNamespace *ns)
adds a subnamespace to the namespace
QoreStringNode *(* qore_module_init_t)()
signature of the module constructor/initialization function
Definition: ModuleManager.h:69
Qore's string value type, reference counted, dynamically-allocated only.
Definition: QoreStringNode.h:50