Qore Programming Language Reference Manual  0.8.13
Qore::HashIterator Class Reference

This class an iterator class for hashes. More...

Inheritance diagram for Qore::HashIterator:

Public Member Functions

 constructor (hash h)
 Creates the hash iterator object. More...
 
 constructor ()
 Creates an empty hash iterator object. More...
 
 copy ()
 Creates a copy of the HashIterator object, iterating the same object as the original and in the same position. More...
 
bool empty ()
 returns True if the hash is empty; False if not More...
 
bool first ()
 returns True if on the first element of the hash More...
 
string getKey ()
 returns the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid More...
 
auto getKeyValue ()
 returns the current value of the current hash key being iterated or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid More...
 
auto getValue ()
 returns the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid More...
 
hash getValuePair ()
 returns a hash with the current key and value (a hash with 2 keys: "key" and "value") or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid More...
 
bool last ()
 returns True if on the last element of the hash More...
 
bool next ()
 Moves the current position to the next element in the hash; returns False if there are no more elements; if the iterator is not pointing at a valid element before this call, the iterator will be positioned on the first element in the hash if the hash is not empty. More...
 
bool prev ()
 Moves the current position to the previous element in the hash; returns False if there are no more elements; if the iterator is not pointing at a valid element before this call, the iterator will be positioned on the last element in the hash if the hash is not empty. More...
 
 reset ()
 Reset the iterator instance to its initial state. More...
 
bool valid ()
 returns True if the iterator is currently pointing at a valid element, False if not More...
 

Detailed Description

This class an iterator class for hashes.

Call HashIterator::next() to iterate through the hash; do not use the iterator if HashIterator::next() returns False. A hash can be iterated in reverse order by calling HashIterator::prev() instead of HashIterator::next()

Example: HashIterator basic usage
hash h = ( "key1" : 1, "key2" : 2, );
HashIterator it(h);
while (it.next()) {
printf("getKey: %n; getKeyValue: %n; getValue: %n; getValuePair: %n\n",
it.getKey(), it.getKeyValue(), it.getValue(), it.getValuePair());
}
getKey: "key1"; getKeyValue: 1; getValue: 1; getValuePair: hash: (key : "key1", value : 1)
getKey: "key2"; getKeyValue: 2; getValue: 2; getValuePair: hash: (key : "key2", value : 2)
Note
  • In general, the HashIterator class is not designed to be accessed from multiple threads; it was created without locking for fast and efficient use when used from a single thread. For methods that would be unsafe to use in another thread, any use of such methods in threads other than the thread where the constructor was called will cause an ITERATOR-THREAD-ERROR to be thrown.
See also
HashReverseIterator

Member Function Documentation

◆ constructor() [1/2]

Qore::HashIterator::constructor ( hash  h)

Creates the hash iterator object.

Parameters
hthe hash to iterate
Example:
HashIterator hi(h);

◆ constructor() [2/2]

Qore::HashIterator::constructor ( )

Creates an empty hash iterator object.

Example:
*hash h = get_hash_or_nothing();
HashIterator hi(h);

◆ copy()

Qore::HashIterator::copy ( )

Creates a copy of the HashIterator object, iterating the same object as the original and in the same position.

Example:
HashIterator ni = i.copy();

◆ empty()

bool Qore::HashIterator::empty ( )
virtual

returns True if the hash is empty; False if not

Returns
True if the hash is empty; False if not
Code Flags:
CONSTANT
Example:
if (i.empty())
printf("the hash is empty\n");

Implements Qore::AbstractQuantifiedIterator.

◆ first()

bool Qore::HashIterator::first ( )
virtual

returns True if on the first element of the hash

Returns
True if on the first element of the hash
Code Flags:
CONSTANT
Example:
while (i.next()) {
if (i.first())
printf("START:\n");
}

Implements Qore::AbstractQuantifiedIterator.

Reimplemented in Qore::ObjectReverseIterator, and Qore::HashReverseIterator.

◆ getKey()

string Qore::HashIterator::getKey ( )

returns the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid

Returns
the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid
Code Flags:
RET_VALUE_ONLY
Example:
while (i.next()) {
printf("+ %y\n", i.getKey());
}
Exceptions
INVALID-ITERATORthe iterator is not pointing at a valid element
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object

◆ getKeyValue()

auto Qore::HashIterator::getKeyValue ( )

returns the current value of the current hash key being iterated or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid

Returns
the current value of the current hash key being iterated or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid
Code Flags:
RET_VALUE_ONLY
Example:
while (i.next()) {
printf("+ %y\n", i.getKeyValue());
}
Exceptions
INVALID-ITERATORthe iterator is not pointing at a valid element
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object
Since
Qore 0.8.6

◆ getValue()

auto Qore::HashIterator::getValue ( )
virtual

returns the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid

The current hash key can be returned with getKey().

Returns
the current key value or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid
Code Flags:
RET_VALUE_ONLY
Example:
while (i.next()) {
printf("+ %y\n", i.getValue());
}
Exceptions
INVALID-ITERATORthe iterator is not pointing at a valid element
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object

Implements Qore::AbstractIterator.

Reimplemented in Qore::ObjectPairReverseIterator, Qore::ObjectKeyReverseIterator, Qore::HashKeyReverseIterator, Qore::HashPairReverseIterator, Qore::ObjectPairIterator, Qore::ObjectKeyIterator, Qore::HashPairIterator, and Qore::HashKeyIterator.

◆ getValuePair()

hash Qore::HashIterator::getValuePair ( )

returns a hash with the current key and value (a hash with 2 keys: "key" and "value") or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid

Returns
a hash with the current key and value (a hash with 2 keys: "key" and "value") or throws an INVALID-ITERATOR exception if the iterator is invalid
Code Flags:
RET_VALUE_ONLY
Example:
while (i.next()) {
printf("+ %y\n", i.getValuePair());
}
Exceptions
INVALID-ITERATORthe iterator is not pointing at a valid element
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object
Since
Qore 0.8.6

◆ last()

bool Qore::HashIterator::last ( )
virtual

returns True if on the last element of the hash

Returns
True if on the last element of the hash
Code Flags:
CONSTANT
Example:
while (i.next()) {
if (i.last())
printf("END.\n");
}

Implements Qore::AbstractQuantifiedIterator.

Reimplemented in Qore::ObjectReverseIterator, and Qore::HashReverseIterator.

◆ next()

bool Qore::HashIterator::next ( )
virtual

Moves the current position to the next element in the hash; returns False if there are no more elements; if the iterator is not pointing at a valid element before this call, the iterator will be positioned on the first element in the hash if the hash is not empty.

This method will return True again after it returns False once if hash is not empty, otherwise it will always return False. The iterator object should not be used after this method returns False

Returns
False if there are no more elements in the hash (in which case the iterator object is invalid and should not be used); True if successful (meaning that the iterator object is valid)
Example:
while (i.next()) {
printf(" + %y = %y\n", i.getKey(), i.getValue());
}
Exceptions
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object

Implements Qore::AbstractIterator.

Reimplemented in Qore::ObjectReverseIterator, and Qore::HashReverseIterator.

◆ prev()

bool Qore::HashIterator::prev ( )
virtual

Moves the current position to the previous element in the hash; returns False if there are no more elements; if the iterator is not pointing at a valid element before this call, the iterator will be positioned on the last element in the hash if the hash is not empty.

This method will return True again after it returns False once if the hash is not empty, otherwise it will always return False. The iterator object should not be used after this method returns False

Returns
False if there are no more elements in the hash (in which case the iterator object is invalid and should not be used); True if successful (meaning that the iterator object is valid)
Example:
while (i.prev()) {
printf(" + %y = %y\n", i.getKey(), i.getValue());
}
Exceptions
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object

Implements Qore::AbstractBidirectionalIterator.

Reimplemented in Qore::ObjectReverseIterator, and Qore::HashReverseIterator.

◆ reset()

Qore::HashIterator::reset ( )

Reset the iterator instance to its initial state.

Reset the iterator instance to its initial state

Example
i.reset();
Exceptions
ITERATOR-THREAD-ERRORthis exception is thrown if this method is called from any thread other than the thread that created the object

◆ valid()

bool Qore::HashIterator::valid ( )
virtual

returns True if the iterator is currently pointing at a valid element, False if not

Returns
True if the iterator is currently pointing at a valid element, False if not
Code Flags:
CONSTANT
Example:
if (i.valid())
printf("current value: %y\n", i.getValue());

Implements Qore::AbstractIterator.