Qore HttpServer Module Reference
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HttpServer Module

HttpServer Introduction

The HttpServer module provides a multi-threaded HTTP server to Qore programs.

The HttpServer implemented is designed for serving REST, RPC-style, and file-system-based requests as well as other types of traffic with an appropriate handler (for example handlers requiring protocol changes such as with the WebSocket protocol are supported as well).

To use this module, use "%requires HttpServer" in your code. See examples/httpserver.q for an example program using this module

All the public symbols in the module are defined in the HttpServer namespace.

The main classes is (see HttpServerUtil for supporting definitions; note that the HttpServerUtil module's definitions are also imported into Program objects requiring this module):

  • HttpServer: this class implements the main interface to the HTTP server provided by this module

See also:

  • RestHandler: a module providing a handler framework for this module for implementing server-side REST services
  • WebSocketHandler: a module providing a handler framework for this module for implementing server-side WebSocket services
  • WebUtil: a module providing higher-level HTTP services using this module as a base as well as providing support for dynamic template-based HTML rendering (ie rendering qhtml files which are a mix of HTML and Qore code)
  • JsonRpcHandler: provides infrastructure for implementing JSON-RPC server-side services using the HttpServer module
  • YamlRpcHandler: provides infrastructure for implementing YAML-RPC server-side services using the HttpServer module
  • XmlRpcHandler: provides infrastructure for implementing XML-RPC server-side services using the HttpServer module
  • SoapHandler: provides infrastructure for implementing SOAP server-side services using the HttpServer module
1 #!/usr/bin/env qore
3 %requires HttpServer
4 %requires Mime
6 %new-style
8 class MyHandler inherits AbstractHttpRequestHandler {
9  hash handleRequest(hash cx, hash hdr, *data body) {
10  # NOTE: change "%y" to "%N" to get a more readable multi-line output format for container values
11  log("request received on %s from %s: context: %y hdr: %y body size: %d byte%s", cx."peer-info".desc, cx."socket-info".desc, cx, hdr, body.size(), body.size() == 1 ? "" : "s");
12  return (
13  "code": 200,
14  "body": sprintf("<title>Test Page</title><body><h1>Qore HTTP server v%s</h1><p>%y on %s PID %s TID %d connection %d</p><p>Qore %s</p></body>", HttpServer::Version, now_us(), gethostname(), getpid(), gettid(), cx.id, Qore::VersionString),
15  "close": True,
16  );
17  }
18 }
20 sub log(string str) {
21  printf("%y: %s\n", now_us(), vsprintf(str, argv));
22 }
24 const MyHttpPort = 19001;
26 # create our handler object
27 MyHandler myHandler();
29 # create the http server object
30 HttpServer hs(\log(), \log());
32 # add our handler to the server
33 hs.setHandler("my-handler", "/", MimeTypeHtml, myHandler);
35 # set our handler as the default handler
36 hs.setDefaultHandler("my-handler", myHandler);
38 # start a listener
39 hash lh = hs.addListener(MyHttpPort);
41 # output a log message
42 log("started listener on %s", lh.desc);

HttpServer Module Release Notes

HttpServer 0.3.11

HttpServer 0.3.11

  • fixed a bug setting the response encoding in HttpServer::HttpServer::setReplyHeaders() where the Socket encoding was not set properly and therefore the encoding in the Content-Type in the response header did not necessarily match the encoding of the response
  • added support for private keys with passwords
  • added the PermissiveAuthenticator class
  • moved base code to the HttpServerUtil module (imported with the reexport option) and santized APIs, made HttpListener class private/internal again
  • fixed a socket / connection performance problem with HTTPS listeners where the SSL connection was being negotiated inline with the accept instead of in the connection thread, thereby blocking new connections from being accepted
  • new methods implemented in HttpServer:
  • performance improvement of matching handlers to request URIs (not used for RegExp matching)
  • changed the order of path-based handler matching:
    • the old implementation selects the first (in order of their registration) handler whose path matches the request URI, regexp and path matching have the same priority
    • the new implementation has two stages:
      • first, handlers without regexp are considered - if there are some handler with their path matching the request, the one with the longest path is selected
      • otherwise, the first (in order of their registration) handler with regexp that matches the request URI is chosen
    • if no path matches the request, the same logic as before applies
  • added HttpServer::HttpServer::addListeners(string, hash, *code, *code, *code, *string, int)
  • fixed a bug in HttpServer::HttpServer::addListener() with an integer argument; a UNIX socket was opened instead of a wildcard listener on the given port
  • added the HttpServer::HttpServer::listenerStarted() method to allow for reporting when listeners are actually running since they are started asynchronously
  • added the "ssl" key to the listener socket info hash
  • fixed typos causing bugs in HTTP error logging (bug 308)
  • fixed bugs handling persistent connections

HttpServer 0.3.10

  • if an error occurs receiving a message with chunked transfer encoding, send the response immediately before reading the rest of the chunked transfer

HttpServer 0.3.9

  • when binding a wildcard address with AF_UNSPEC on Windows with HttpServer::HttpServer::addListeners() and both IPv6 and IPv4 addresses are returned, bind both addresses since Windows doesn't direct the IPv4 requests to the wildcard-bound IPv6 listener

HttpServer 0.3.8

  • moved more message handling code to HttpServer::AbstractHttpRequestHandler so that chunked transfers can be efficiently supported by handlers
  • added a minimum body size threshold for Content-Encoding compression to HttpServer
  • added the following classes to facilitate handling chunked requests and responses:
  • added support for persistent connections to a given handler to the HTTP server

HttpServer 0.3.7

  • fixed a bug in parsing arguments in parse_uri_query()
  • updated parse_uri_query() to accept both "&" and ";" as argument separators
  • added support for the PUT and DELETE methods and for optional message bodies independent of the HTTP method
  • fixed handler matching to use a score for each handler and to check dynamic handlers also for a match if the fixed handlers don't provide a perfect match
  • fixed response handling to not overwrite the Connection header if present from the handler
  • fixed response handling to only return error reponses with codes >= 400
  • implemented the AbstractHttpSocketHandler handler class to support dedicated socket connections when switching protocols in handlers
  • do not add HTML to the msg body from explicit error responses from handlers
  • improved HTTP server log messages
  • added "family" argument to HttpServer::add*Listener*() methods
  • turned of TCP_NODELAY by default and use socket shutdown when closing sockets instead
  • set the listen backlog queue size to 100 by default (previously was hardcoded internally in Qore to 5)
  • use the new ThreadPool class introduced in Qore 0.8.8 to pre-allocate threads to reduce latency for new socket connections
  • improved handler matching algorithm
  • implemented many performance improvements
  • implemented support for simple string path matching when finding a handler for a request
  • added static HttpServer::AbstractHttpRequestHandler::redirect() to help in generating 301 Moved Permanently messages

HttpServer 0.3.6

  • fixed a race condition in tracking active requests in dynamic HTTP handlers and removing dynamic HTTP handlers

HttpServer 0.3.5

HttpServer 0.3.4

HttpServer 0.3.3

  • updated to a user module
  • added support for custom redirects from user handlers
  • use the Mime module for mime definitions

HttpServer 0.3.2

  • added support for listeners with specific handler lists
  • added the ability to manage dynamic content handlers
  • implemented content-encoding handling flags in AbstractHttpRequestHandler
  • implemented support for "identity" encoding (if anyone ever sends it)

HttpServer 0.3.1

  • added IPv6 support in qore 0.8.2

HttpServer 0.3.0

  • added the ability to start and stop listeners on demand

HttpServer 0.2.9

  • updates for new SSL and timeout behavior with with Socket class with qore 0.8.1+
  • set socket encoding to UTF-8 by default
  • add "charset=utf-8" to Content-Type header if not already present
  • add "text/html" to Content-Type header if no content-type is given by the handler
  • fixed setting X.509 certificate and private key for HTTPS listeners
  • require qore >= 0.8.1 for new Socket features

HttpServer 0.2.8

  • converted to hard typing for use with require-types
  • require qore >= 0.8.0 for new Socket features

HttpServer 0.2.7

  • set TCP_NODELAY on all sockets to ensure that clients get all data before closing the socket, especially in case of errors
  • require qore >= 0.7.4 for new Socket features

HttpServer 0.2.6

  • minor fixes for SOAP support
  • improved handler matching

HttpServer 0.2.5

  • minor fixes for SOAP support

HttpServer 0.2.4

  • improved Content-Type handling
  • improved URL/path support

HttpServer 0.2.3

  • bzip2 Content-Encoding support

HttpServer 0.2.2

  • basic authentication

HttpServer 0.2.1

  • implementing logic to handle "deflate" and "gzip" content-encoding
  • chunked content-encoding supported for POSTs
  • Date: header always sent as per HTTP 1.1 spec

HttpServer 0.2.0

  • modular/multiple listener support added
  • https support added